At the end of 2017, pro-Kremlin media, touching upon the topics of the history of Latvia, mainly dealt with the centennial of the October Revolution (the so-called Bolshevik Uprising). An article that was published in a portal owned by the Russian Federation, named Sputnik, emphasised that it is an uncomfortable anniversary in the former USSR countries, especially stressing that "The Baltic states completely neglected the centennial of the Great Russian Revolution and are currently actively engaged in the preparation of the centennial of their independence, to be celebrated in 2018". Said article claims that "the Latvian Riflemen [in Latvia] are depicted only as a power promoting the statehood of Latvia, yet there is not a single word about them playing an enormous role in the Russian Revolution. This fact has remained untold". It also says that inhabitants of the Baltic states did not express "historical gratitude" for their independence. Referring to this article RuBaltic reported that "the Baltic states neglect the centennial of the October Revolution, even though they owe their independence to these events". In November, the portal Sputnik wrote that in 1917 the Red Latvian Riflemen, in the course of the Bolshevik supporting activities, were actually thinking of an independent Latvia and were approaching this goal as they fought against the white guards who stood for a united and indivisible Russia". The Sputnik article also points out that "regarding all of Russia's reprimands for the Latvian Riflemen, their inclination to Bolshevism and cruelty, Latvia replies — it is your business, the Red Riflemen do not pertain to us, they were not connected with the State of Latvia".
Widespread statements in the Russian media are based on exaggerations and merely reveal ignorance about the content of Latvian media where special attention was paid to the centennial of the October Uprising. Preparation for the 100th anniversary of Latvia began with a recollection of the events of 1917, for example, by publishing a series of articles by Jānis Šiliņš in the Latvian public media portal and also in the Russian language. These and other publications do not deny that revolutions, taking place in Russia in 1917, had a significant impact on Latvia's course to independence. If looking from a broader perspective, the October Uprising was only one link in a longer chain of events, starting with the so-called Democratic Revolution of February 1917 and closing with the November Revolution 1918 in Germany, eventually leading to the declaration of independence of Latvia. The Soviet Russia, a product of the October Uprising, was the first to invade the freshly declared Republic of Latvia and until its defeat in the Latvian Independence War in 1920, did not recognise the self-determination rights of the Latvian nation. On the one hand the October Uprising promoted the idea of Latvian independence but on the other hand — Bolshevist Russia was the main threat to Latvia's independence.
Meanwhile the so-called Red Latvian Riflemen not only actively participated in strengthening the Bolshevist power promptly after the October Uprising and the Russian Civil War, but also dynamically engaged in battles against the independent, democratic Republic of Latvia. At the same time the Red Riflemen cannot be clearly described as the pillars of the Bolshevism idea and the opponents of a democratic Latvia — some of them deserted and already joined defenders of a democratic Latvia during the Latvian Independence War, but the majority of them returned to Latvia after the Russian Civil War.
On the 2nd of December the topic of the Red Latvian Riflemen was in the spotlight of one of the largest Russian state-owned TV channels Rossija 24 that broadcasted a documentary “Judges. The truth about the Latvian Riflemen”, which was created already in 2007. The documentary, interwoven with many factual inaccuracies or errors, claims that since the very first days of the October Revolution the guard units of Lenin and other Bolshevik leaders of the revolution were comprised solely of Red Latvian Riflemen. However, during the first days of the revolution the Latvian Riflemen were not present in Petrograd - the 6th Tukums Riflemen Squadron only arrived in Petrograd on the 6th (11th) of December, but the united company of the Latvian Riflemen squadrons, created in Valka and led by Jānis Pētersons, later serving as the basis for so-called Kremlin Squadron arrived one week later. Thus it is falsely claimed that the Red Latvian Riflemen were the main private guards of Lenin in the wake of the October events. Besides, it must be taken into account that the government of Soviet Russia was safeguarded not only by the Latvian Riflemen Squadron, but also the navy of the Baltic Fleet and the so-called red guards. In particular, Lenin's office was safeguarded by the red guards, with some Latvians (not Latvian Riflemen) among them.
The documentary also mentions that on 26 July 1914 the Latvian representative in Russian State Duma, Jānis Goldmanis, allegedly announced that the Latvian Riflemen under the Russian flag were ready to free the fatherland from the German landlords. However, in this Duma session Goldmanis did not speak of either the Latvian Riflemen or the formation of separate military units; he said quite the opposite regarding the German landlords: "Now we will not deal with the Baltic Germans." It also mentions that the banishment of the Russian Constitutional Meeting in January 1918 was carried out under the lead of the Latvian Riflemen military union's mariner Zheleznyakov, even though it is commonly accepted that the military unit, safeguarding the Constitutional Meeting, was comprised of revolutionary mariners and not Latvian Riflemen. The documentary further claims that the Russian tsar Nicolas II and his family were also destroyed by the Red Latvian Riflemen. The Russian historians, however, have proven that the Riflemen declined participation in the execution of the tsar's family. The tsar's family was shot dead by a special KGB team. The Latvian Riflemen were affiliated to the Red Army rather than the KGB. The only Latvian whose participation in killing the tsar's family is conceded to be of great likelihood is Jānis Celms.
The documentary also emphasises that the Peace Treaty signed between Latvia and Soviet Russia on 11 August 1920 helped to repatriate the Latvian Riflemen. Despite this fact the Riflemen had hoped that their merit would allow them to stay in the Red Army. The war, however, was over and there was no need for such special, mobilised formations, therefore Lenin signed a decree to disband the Latvian Riflemen division. The Latvia–Soviet Russia Peace Treaty intended the provision of citizen and repatriation rights to the majority of the Red Latvian Riflemen rather than forced repatriation of the Red Latvian Riflemen. Besides, in 1920, these Riflemen could not be considered as pillars of the Red Army — it had already mobilised more than 5.5 million people. After the civil war Soviet Russia saw rapid demobilisation and within this framework the Latvian Riflemen Division was abolished. The documentary also notes that after returning to Latvia, the Riflemen who served in the Red Army had to face an evidently negative attitude. In fact however, the Red Riflemen were not subject to particular condemnation from the Latvian society and the service in the Red Army was not deemed to be an obstacle to continuing a military career in the army of the independent Latvia.
 This claim is based on an idea that both the February Revolution in 1917 and the October Revolution in 1917 converge to become a united Great Russian Revolution of 1917.
 The Red Latvian Riflemen, Latvian Riflemen military units of the former Russian Empire Army, who joined the Bolsheviks, withdrew to Soviet Russia in February 1918 and were included in the newly created Red Army. On the basis of these military units the 1st division of the Red Army — Latvian Riflemen Division — was established.
 Савченко В. А., 100 знаменитых анархистов и революционеров. 2008. p. 488.
 Плотников, И., О команде убийц царской семьи и ее национальном составе.// «Урал» 2003, №9, http://magazines.russ.ru/ural/2003/9/plotnik-pr.html
 Nagle, G. Latviešu strēlnieki. Sarkanie? https://www.diena.lv/raksts/pasaule/krievija/latviesu-strelnieki.-sarkanie-11148736